Tech Insurance Policies: What’s Covered and What’s Not

Types of Tech Insurance Policies

Tech insurance can be broadly categorized into several types, each addressing specific risks and needs:

  1. Errors and Omissions (E&O) Insurance
  2. Cyber Liability Insurance
  3. Technology Errors and Omissions (Tech E&O) Insurance
  4. Intellectual Property Insurance
  5. Hardware and Equipment Insurance
  6. Business Interruption Insurance

Errors and Omissions (E&O) Insurance

Errors and Omissions (E&O) insurance, often referred to as professional liability insurance, is designed to protect businesses and professionals from claims of negligence or inadequate work. For tech companies, this could include software developers, IT consultants, and web designers. E&O insurance covers legal costs and damages that may arise from lawsuits claiming that the company’s services or products caused financial loss to a client.

Cyber Liability Insurance

Cyber liability insurance is crucial for businesses that store sensitive data online or on computers. This type of insurance provides coverage for expenses related to data breaches, such as notification costs, credit monitoring services for affected individuals, and legal fees. It also covers costs associated with recovering compromised data and repairing damaged systems.

Technology Errors and Omissions (Tech E&O) Insurance

Tech E&O insurance is a hybrid policy that combines elements of both E&O and cyber liability insurance. It is specifically designed for technology companies and covers claims arising from errors in the company’s products or services, as well as cyber-related incidents. This comprehensive coverage is essential for tech firms that face risks from both operational errors and cyber threats.

Intellectual Property Insurance

Intellectual property (IP) insurance provides protection against claims of IP infringement, such as copyright, trademark, or patent violations. For technology companies, which often develop proprietary software and products, IP insurance is vital. It covers legal fees and potential damages if the company is sued for allegedly infringing on another party’s intellectual property.

Hardware and Equipment Insurance

This type of insurance covers the physical tech equipment that a business relies on, such as computers, servers, and networking devices. Hardware and equipment insurance protects against risks like theft, fire, and accidental damage. For businesses that depend heavily on their tech infrastructure, this coverage ensures they can quickly replace or repair damaged equipment and minimize downtime.

Business Interruption Insurance

Business interruption insurance is designed to cover the loss of income that a business suffers after a disaster. In the context of tech insurance, it covers income loss due to technology-related incidents, such as a major cyber attack or a significant hardware failure. This insurance helps businesses maintain cash flow and cover ongoing expenses during periods when normal operations are disrupted.

What Tech Insurance Policies Cover

Tech insurance policies offer a wide range of coverage options tailored to the unique risks faced by technology companies and users. Some of the common coverages include:

  1. Data Breach and Cyber Attacks
  2. Technology Service Failures
  3. Legal Costs for IP Disputes
  4. Reputation Management
  5. Loss of Digital Assets
  6. Physical Damage to Equipment
  7. Business Interruption

Data Breach and Cyber Attacks

One of the most critical coverages provided by tech insurance policies is protection against data breaches and cyber attacks. This includes costs related to:

  • Notifying affected individuals: If a data breach occurs, businesses are often legally required to notify the individuals whose data has been compromised. Tech insurance covers the costs associated with these notifications.
  • Credit monitoring: To mitigate the impact on affected individuals, businesses may offer credit monitoring services. This is also covered under tech insurance policies.
  • Legal fees: If a business faces legal action as a result of a data breach, tech insurance covers the associated legal costs.
  • Data recovery: The costs of recovering lost or compromised data are covered, helping businesses restore their operations swiftly.
  • System repair: Repairing or replacing systems that were damaged during a cyber attack is also covered.

Technology Service Failures

Tech insurance policies cover the financial losses and legal liabilities associated with technology service failures. This is particularly important for companies that provide software as a service (SaaS), cloud services, or other tech solutions. If a software bug or system outage causes financial harm to a client, tech insurance can cover the resulting claims and legal costs.

Legal Costs for IP Disputes

Intellectual property disputes can be incredibly costly and time-consuming. Tech insurance policies provide coverage for the legal fees and potential damages associated with IP infringement claims. This includes defending against allegations of copyright, trademark, or patent violations, which is crucial for tech companies that rely on their proprietary innovations.

Reputation Management

In the aftermath of a cyber attack or major service failure, a company’s reputation can suffer significantly. Tech insurance often includes coverage for reputation management services, helping businesses manage public relations and restore their reputation. This can involve hiring PR firms, launching communication campaigns, and other efforts to rebuild trust with clients and the public.

Loss of Digital Assets

Digital assets, such as proprietary software, digital documents, and databases, are invaluable to tech companies. Tech insurance policies cover the loss or corruption of these digital assets due to cyber incidents or other covered events. This ensures that businesses can recover or recreate their essential digital assets without incurring prohibitive costs.

Physical Damage to Equipment

Tech insurance also provides coverage for physical damage to technology equipment. This includes computers, servers, networking devices, and other critical hardware. Whether the damage is due to theft, fire, natural disasters, or accidental damage, tech insurance ensures that businesses can replace or repair their equipment promptly.

Business Interruption

Business interruption coverage is vital for ensuring that a company can continue to operate after a major tech-related incident. This coverage compensates for the loss of income during the period when normal business operations are disrupted. It helps businesses cover ongoing expenses, such as rent, salaries, and utilities, ensuring financial stability while recovering from the incident.

What Tech Insurance Policies Do Not Cover

While tech insurance policies provide extensive coverage for a variety of risks, there are certain exclusions and limitations to be aware of. Understanding what is not covered is crucial for managing risks effectively and avoiding unexpected financial burdens. Common exclusions in tech insurance policies include:

  1. Intentional Acts
  2. Prior Known Incidents
  3. Contractual Liabilities
  4. Property Damage (Non-Tech Equipment)
  5. Bodily Injury
  6. Employment Practices Liability
  7. Acts of War and Terrorism

Intentional Acts

Tech insurance policies do not cover losses resulting from intentional acts or fraudulent activities by the insured or their employees. If a data breach or cyber attack is found to be caused intentionally by someone within the organization, the resulting damages and legal costs will not be covered by the insurance policy.

Prior Known Incidents

Claims arising from incidents that were known prior to the inception of the insurance policy are typically excluded. This means that if a company is aware of a potential issue, such as a security vulnerability or a pending lawsuit, before purchasing the insurance, any related claims will not be covered.

Contractual Liabilities

Liabilities that arise solely from contractual obligations are usually excluded from tech insurance policies. For example, if a company fails to meet specific performance metrics outlined in a contract, and this failure leads to financial losses for the client, the resulting claims may not be covered unless they also constitute a covered peril under the policy.

Property Damage (Non-Tech Equipment)

While tech insurance covers physical damage to technology equipment, it does not cover damage to non-tech property. For instance, damage to office furniture, buildings, or other non-tech assets would not be covered under a tech insurance policy. Separate property insurance would be required to cover these types of losses.

Bodily Injury

Tech insurance policies typically do not cover bodily injury or medical expenses. If an incident involving tech equipment or services results in physical harm to a person, the resulting claims would need to be covered under a general liability or workers’ compensation insurance policy, not tech insurance.

Employment Practices Liability

Claims related to employment practices, such as wrongful termination, discrimination, or harassment, are not covered under tech insurance policies. Employment practices liability insurance (EPLI) is needed to cover these types of risks.

Acts of War and Terrorism

Losses resulting from acts of war or terrorism are generally excluded from tech insurance policies. These are considered high-risk events that are not typically insurable under standard commercial insurance policies.

The Importance of Tech Insurance in Today’s World

The reliance on technology in modern business operations cannot be overstated. As businesses increasingly integrate technology into their daily operations, the potential risks associated with tech failures, cyber incidents, and IP disputes grow. Tech insurance plays a crucial role in mitigating these risks and ensuring business continuity. Here are some reasons why tech insurance is essential in today’s world:

  1. Rising Cyber Threats
  2. Regulatory Compliance
  3. Financial Stability
  4. Client Trust and Confidence
  5. Competitive Advantage

Rising Cyber Threats

Cyber threats are on the rise, with cyber criminals constantly developing new methods to breach security systems and steal sensitive data. According to various reports, the number and sophistication of cyber attacks are increasing every year. Businesses, especially those handling large volumes of sensitive data, are prime targets for these attacks. Tech insurance provides a safety net, helping businesses recover from cyber incidents and manage the associated financial and reputational damage.

Regulatory Compliance

Regulatory bodies worldwide are implementing stringent data protection laws, such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in Europe and the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) in the United States. Non-compliance with these regulations can result in hefty fines and legal consequences. Tech insurance policies often include coverage for regulatory fines and legal defense costs, ensuring that businesses can comply with regulations without facing crippling financial penalties.

Financial Stability

The financial impact of tech-related incidents can be devastating for businesses. Data breaches, system failures, and IP disputes can lead to significant financial losses, potentially threatening the viability of a business. Tech insurance provides the financial support needed to manage these risks, ensuring that businesses can recover from incidents without facing insurmountable financial burdens.

Client Trust and Confidence

Having robust tech insurance coverage can enhance a business’s reputation and build trust with clients. Clients are more likely to trust businesses that demonstrate a commitment to managing risks and protecting their interests. By investing in tech insurance, businesses can reassure clients that they are prepared to handle potential issues and that their data and services are secure.

Competitive Advantage

In the competitive tech industry, having comprehensive tech insurance can provide a significant advantage. It allows businesses to focus on innovation and growth, knowing that they are protected against a wide range of risks. Additionally, many clients and partners require proof of insurance before entering into business relationships, making tech insurance a critical component of competitive positioning.


Tech insurance policies are indispensable in the modern, technology-driven world. They provide comprehensive coverage for a variety of risks associated with technology use and business operations, ensuring that businesses can recover from incidents and continue to thrive. Understanding what is covered and what is not covered by tech insurance policies is crucial for managing risks effectively and making informed decisions. As cyber threats and technology-related risks continue to evolve, investing in tech insurance is a prudent step for any business or individual relying on technology.